Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2015) 14, 849 - 856

Research article
Similar Anti-Inflammatory Acute Responses from Moderate-Intensity Continuous and High-Intensity Intermittent Exercise
Carolina Cabral-Santos1, José Gerosa-Neto1, Daniela Sayuri Inoue1, Valéria Leme Gonçalves Panissa2, Luís Alberto Gobbo1, Alessandro Moura Zagatto3, Eduardo Zapaterra Campos1, Fábio Santos Lira1, 
Author Information
1 Exercise and Immunometabolism Research Group, Department of Physical Education, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Presidente Prudente, São Paulo, Brazil
2 Department of Sports, School of Physical Education and Sports, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
3 Department of Physical Education, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Bauru, São Paulo, Brazil

Fábio Santos Lira
✉ Exercise and Immunometabolism Research Group, Department of Physical Education, Universidade Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Rua Roberto Simonsen, 305, 19060-900 Presidente Prudente, SP, Brazil
Email: fabiolira@fct.unesp.br
Publish Date
Received: 04-08-2015
Accepted: 23-10-2015
Published (online): 24-11-2015
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ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of high-intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE) versus volume matched steady state exercise (SSE) on inflammatory and metabolic responses. Eight physically active male subjects completed two experimental sessions, a 5-km run on a treadmill either continuously (70% vVO2max) or intermittently (1:1 min at vVO2max). Blood samples were collected at rest, immediately, 30 and 60 minutes after the exercise session. Blood was analyzed for glucose, non-ester fatty acid (NEFA), uric acid, lactate, cortisol, and cytokines (IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α) levels. The lactate levels exhibited higher values immediately post-exercise than at rest (HIIE 1.34 ± 0.24 to 7.11 ± 2.85, and SSE 1.35 ± 0.14 to 4.06±1.60 mmol·L-1, p < 0.05), but HIIE promoted higher values than SSE (p < 0.05); the NEFA levels were higher immediately post-exercise than at rest only in the SSE condition (0.71 ± 0.04 to 0.82±0.09 mEq/L, respectively, p < 0.05), yet, SSE promoted higher values than HIIE immediately after exercise (HIIE 0.72±0.03 vs SSE 0.82±0.09 mEq·L-1, p < 0.05). Glucose and uric acid levels did not show changes under the different conditions (p > 0.05). Cortisol, IL-6, IL-10 and TNF-α levels showed time-dependent changes under the different conditions (p < 0.05), however, the area under the curve of TNF-α in the SSE were higher than HIIE (p < 0.05), and the area under the curve of IL-6 in the HIIE showed higher values than SSE (p < 0.05). In addition, both exercise conditions promote increased IL-10 levels and IL-10/TNF-α ratio (p < 0.05). In conclusion, our results demonstrated that both exercise protocols, when volume is matched, promote similar inflammatory responses, leading to an anti-inflammatory status; however, the metabolic responses are different.

Key words: High intensity intermittent exercise, steady state exercise, metabolism, inflammation, energy expenditure, cytokines


           Key Points
  • Metabolic contribution of both exercise, HIIE and SSE, was different.
  • Both protocols leading to an anti-inflammatory status.
  • HIIE induce a higher energy expenditure take into account total session duration.
 
 
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