Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2016) 15, 295 - 300

Research article
Does Body Mass Index Influence Behavioral Regulations, Dispositional Flow and Social Physique Anxiety in Exercise Setting?
Gözde Ersöz1, , Ersin Altiparmak2, F. Hülya Aşçı3
Author Information
1 Department of Physical Education and Sport Teaching, Namık Kemal University, Tekirdag, Turkey
2 Department of Physical Education and Sport Teaching, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey
3 Department of Physical Education and Sport Teaching, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey

Gözde Ersöz
✉ Namık Kemal Mahallesi, Kampüs Caddesi, Beden Egitimi ve Spor Yüksekokulu, 59000, Tekirdag, Turkey
Email: gersoz@nku.edu.tr
Publish Date
Received: 02-02-2016
Accepted: 22-03-2016
Published (online): 23-05-2016
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ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to examine differences in behavioral regulations, dispositional flow, social physique anxiety of exercisers in terms of body mass index (BMI). 782 university students participated in this study. Dispositional Flow State Scale-2, Behavioral Regulations in Exercise Questionnaire-2, Social Physique Anxiety Scale and Physical Activity Stages of Change Questionnaire were administered to participants. After controlling for gender, analysis indicated significant differences in behavioral regulations, dispositional flow and social physique anxiety of exercise participants with regards to BMI. In summary, the findings demonstrate that normal weighted participants exercise for internal reasons while underweighted participants are amotivated for exercise participation. Additionally, participants who are underweight had higher dispositional flow and lower social physique anxiety scores than other BMI classification.

Key words: Behavioral regulations, dispositional flow, social physique anxiety, self-determination theory, body mass index


           Key Points
  • Normal weighted participants exercise for internal reasons.
  • Underweighted participants are amotivated for exercise participation.
  • Underweighted participants had higher dispositional flow.
  • Underweighted participants have lower social physique anxiety scores than normal weighted, overweight and obese participants.
 
 
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