Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2016) 15, 372 - 378

Research article
Sex-Related Differences in Self-Paced All Out High-Intensity Intermittent Cycling: Mechanical and Physiological Responses
Valéria L. G. Panissa1, , Ursula F. Julio1, Vanessa França2, Fabio S. Lira2, Peter Hofmann3, Monica Y. Takito4, Emerson Franchini1
Author Information
1 Department of Sport, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
2 Exercise and Immunometabolism Research Group, Department of Physical Education, University State Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Presidente Prudente, SP, Brazil
3 Institute of Sports Science, Exercise Physiology, Training & Training Therapy Research Group; University of Graz, Austria
4 Department of Human Movement Pedagogy, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Valéria L. G. Panissa
✉ School of Physichal Education and Sport, University of São Paulo (USP), Av. Prof. Mello Morais, 65, Butantã, São Paulo, SP 05508-900, Brazil
Email: valeriapanissa@gmail.com
Publish Date
Received: 08-03-2016
Accepted: 28-04-2016
Published (online): 23-05-2016
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ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to compare sex-related responses to a self-paced all out high-intensity intermittent exercise (HIIE). 9 women and 10 men were submitted to a maximal incremental test (to determine maximum aerobic power - MAP and VO2peak), and an HIIE cycling (60x8s:12s, effort:pause). During the protocol the mean value of V̇O2 and heart rate for the entire exercise (VO2total and HRtotal) as well as the values only in the effort or pause (V̇O2effort, VO2pause and HReffort and HRpause) relative to VO2peak were measured. Anaerobic power reserve (APR), blood lactate [La] and the respiratory exchange ratio (RER) were also measured. These variables were compared between men and women using the unpaired t test. Men used greater APR (109 ± 12%MAP vs 92 ± 6%MAP) with similar V̇O2total (74 ± 7 vs 78 ± 8% VO2peak), however, when effort and pause were analysed separately, V̇O2effort (80 ± 9 vs 80 ± 5%VO2peak) was similar between sexes, while V̇O2pause was lower in men (69 ± 6% vs 77 ± 11% VO2peak, respectively). Women presented lower power decrement (30 ± 11 vs 11 ± 3%), RER (1.04 ± 0.03 vs 1.00 ± 0.02) and [La]peak (8.6 ± 0.9 vs 5.9 ± 2.3 mmol.L-1). Thus, we can conclude that men self-paced HIIE at higher APR but with the same cardiovascular/aerobic solicitation as women.

Key words: Oxygen uptake, sexual dimorphism, anaerobic power reserve


           Key Points
  • Men self-paced high-intensity intermittent exercise at higher intensities than women.
  • Men utilized greater anaerobic power reserve than women.
  • Men and women had same cardiovascular solicitation.
 
 
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