Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2016) 15, 397 - 402

Research article
The Relationship of Practice Exposure and Injury Rate on Game Performance and Season Success in Professional Male Basketball
Toni Caparrós1,2, , Eduard Alentorn-Geli3, Gregory D. Myer4,5,6, Lluís Capdevila7, Kristian Samuelsson8, Bruce Hamilton9, Gil Rodas10
Author Information
1 Insititut Nacional d’Educació Física de Catalunya (INEFC), Barcelona, Spain
10 Futbol Club Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
2 Universitat de Vic, Vic, Spain
3 Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA
4 Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
5 University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
6 The Micheli Center for Sports Injury Prevention, Boston, MA, USA
7 Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
8 University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
9 High Performance Sport New Zealand, Auckland, New Zeland

Toni Caparrós
c/Sant Joan Bosco 7-9, 08338, Premia de Dalt, Barcelona, Spain
Email: info@tonicaparros.eu
Publish Date
Received: 06-04-2016
Accepted: 21-05-2016
Published (online): 05-08-2016
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ABSTRACT

The objectives of this study were to determine the relationship among game performance, injury rate, and practice exposure in a professional male basketball team. A retroospective analysis of prospective collected data was conducted over seven consecutive seasons (2007/2008 to 2013/2014). Data collection included sports performance during competition (statistical evaluation), injury rate, and total exposure (games and practices). Over the surveillance period, 162 injuries (91 practice; 71 matches) occurred over 32,668 hours of exposure (556 games and 2005 practices). There was a strong positive correlation between: 1) exposure (total number of practices and hours of exposure) and the total number of injuries (r = 0.77; p = 0.04); 2) exposure (total hours of exposure and total hours of practice exposure) and performance (total team ranking) (r = 0.77 and p = 0.04, and r = 0.8 and p = 0.03, respectively); and 3) total number of injuries and performance (total team ranking) (r = 0.84; p = 0.02). While increasing practice and competition time is related to greater team performance, it also increases the number of injuries. However, higher injury rates were not associated with worse overall team performance. Efforts to reduce high-risk activity during practice, optimally replaced with injury prevention training, might help to reduce injury risk.

Key words: Injury, basketball, professional, training load, performance


           Key Points
  • Increasing practice and competition time is related to greater team performance.
  • Increasing practice and competition time increases the number of injuries.
  • Higher injury rates were not associated with worse overall team performance.
 
 
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