Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2017) 16, 543 - 550

Research article
Does Shoe Collar Height Influence Ankle Joint Kinematics and Kinetics in Sagittal Plane Maneuvers?
Yang Yang1, Ying Fang2, Xini Zhang1, Junliang He3, Weijie Fu1,4, 
Author Information
1 School of Kinesiology, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China
2 Department of Biomedical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
3 Shanghai Research Institute of Sports Science, Shanghai, China
4 Key Laboratory of Exercise and Health Sciences of Ministry of Education, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China

Weijie Fu
✉ School of Kinesiology, Shanghai University of Sport, 200438 Shanghai, China
Publish Date
Received: 26-05-2017
Accepted: 04-10-2017
Published (online): 1-12-2017
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The Objective of the study is to investigate the effects of basketball shoes with different collar heights on ankle kinematics and kinetics and athletic performance in different sagittal plane maneuvers. Twelve participants who wore high-top and low-top basketball shoes (hereafter, HS and LS, respectively) performed a weight-bearing dorsiflexion (WB-DF) maneuver, drop jumps (DJs), and lay-up jumps (LJs). Their sagittal plane kinematics and ground reaction forces were recorded using the Vicon motion capture system and Kistler force plates simultaneously. Moreover, ankle dorsiflexion and plantarflexion angles, moment, power, stiffness, and jump height were calculated. In the WB-DF test, the peak ankle dorsiflexion angle (p = 0.041) was significantly smaller in HS than in LS. Additionally, the peak ankle plantarflexion moment (p = 0.028) and power (p = 0.022) were significantly lower in HS than in LS during LJs but not during DJs. In both jumping maneuvers, no significant differences were found in the jump height or ankle kinematics between the two shoe types. According to the WB-DF test, increasing shoe collar height can effectively reduce the ankle range of motion in the sagittal plane. Although the HS did not restrict the flexion–extension performance of the ankle joint during two jumping maneuvers, an increased shoe collar height can reduce peak ankle plantarflexion moment and peak power during the push-off phase in LJs. Therefore, a higher shoe collar height should be used to circumvent effects on the partial kinetics of the ankle joint in the sagittal plane.

Key words: Shoe collar height, ankle joint, kinematics, kinetics, jumping maneuver

           Key Points
  • An increased shoe collar height effectively reduced ankle joint ROM in the sagittal plane in weight-bearing dorsiflexion maneuver.
  • Shoe collar height did not affect sagittal plane ankle kinematics and had no effect on performance during realistic jumping.
  • Shoe collar height can affect the ankle plantarflexion torque and peak power during the push-off phase in lay-up jump.
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