Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2018) 17, 656 - 661

Research article
Validation of a French Version of the Psychological Characteristics of Developing Excellence Questionnaire (MacNamara & Collins, 2011): A Situated Approach to Talent Development
Vincent Gesbert1, , Fabienne C. von Roten2, Denis Hauw1
Author Information
1 Research Centre for Psychology of Health, Ageing and Sports Examination (PHASE), Lausanne Sport Sciences Institute, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.
2 Lausanne Sports Sciences Institute, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Vincent Gesbert
✉ Lausanne Sports Sciences Institute, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, University of Lausanne, Quartier UNIL-Centre, Bâtiment Synathlon, bureau 2423, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
Publish Date
Received: 11-09-2018
Accepted: 18-10-2018
Published (online): 20-11-2018
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This study sought to validate the psychometric properties of a French-language version of the Psychological Characteristics of Developing Excellence Questionnaire (PCDEQ). Data were gathered from 305 athletes in French-speaking Switzerland (mean age: 16.6 yr, SD: 2.9). Translation of the PCDEQ followed established guidelines and included a standardized back-translation process. The psychometric properties were examined by descriptive statistics, Cronbach’s alphas for internal reliability, confirmatory factor analysis, intraclass correlations and a paired t-test for test-retest reliability. The results provided evidence of validity of the French version of the PCDEQ. Two items were excluded for low factor loading, and the re-specified model was improved and confirmed the six-dimensional structure with acceptable fit using most criteria (χ2/df), RMSEA, SRMR, TFI, CFI). Cronbach's alpha also indicated that internal reliability was adequate for validation. Given the adequate psychometric properties, the French-version PCDEQ can be used with confidence for monitoring and designing interventions to enable aspiring athletes or artists to develop the psychological skills and characteristics that can act as important catalysts for their development.

Key words: Talent development, formative assessment, mental skills, situativity, elite performance, sport

           Key Points
  • Talent is assumed to emerge from distributed and functional relationships between the athlete and context.
  • The absence of psychological skills may hinder aspiring athletes in overcoming obstacles along the path to excellence.
  • The PCDEQ is a questionnaire that assess and track psychological skills as athletes develop.
  • The PCDEQ is an assessment tool for sport psychologists to develop and enhance athletes' mental skills while respecting their well-being.
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