Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2019) 18, 680 - 694

Research article
Off-Ice Agility Provide Motor Transfer to On-Ice Skating Performance and Agility in Adolescent Ice Hockey Players
Dominik NOVÁK1, Patrycja Lipinska2, Robert Roczniok3, Michal Spieszny4, Petr Stastny5,1, 
Author Information
1 Charles University, Department of Sport Games, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Czech Republic
2 Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Institute of Physical Education, Poland
3 Department of Sports Training, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education and Sport in Katowice, Poland
4 University School of Physical Education in Krakow, Poland
5 Department of Molecular Biology, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdansk, Poland

Petr Stastny
✉ Ph.D. Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Department of Sport Games, José Martiho 31, Prague 6, ZIP 162 52, Czech Republic
Publish Date
Received: 02-04-2019
Accepted: 09-09-2019
Published (online): 19-11-2019
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Agility plays a crucial role in ice hockey training, and it can be developed directly on the ice or by additional off-ice training. Since the effectiveness of on-ice and off-ice training on players’ agility have not been previously described, the purpose of this research is to compare the effects of on-ice and off-ice agility training on skating performance. Fourteen ice hockey players performed agility training on-ice for 4 weeks and off-ice for 4 weeks in a crossover design; they were tested before the agility program, after the first month and after finishing both training programs. The players were randomly assigned into one of two groups (n = 7 in each group), either performing the on-ice training protocol first (Ice1) followed by the off-ice agility training or performing the off-ice protocol first and the on-ice training second (Ice2). The test battery included straight sprints to 6.1 m and 35 m and the S corner test, test with break, weave agility with puck test and reactive agility test. The magnitude based decision showed the effect of agility training in both groups in the weave agility (Ice1, 2.9±2.8% likely improvement; Ice2, 3.1±2.5% possible improvement) and reactive agility tests (Ice1, 3.1 ±2.5% likely improvement; Ice2, 1.7±2.1% possible improvement), where the Ice1 protocol resulted in a likely positive change and Ice2 resulted in a possible positive change. The comparison of the training effect resulted in a possibly harmful change of performance in Ice2 protocol (-0.5 ± 8.9%) compared to Ice1 protocol (-1.0 ± 5.1%). On-ice training is more effective in the development of specific types of agility in adolescent U16 players. However, there is evidence that off-ice agility have motor transfer to on-ice agility. Therefore, we recommend developing on-ice agility with additional off-ice agility training during the ice hockey season.

Key words: Ice hockey, agility, training, youth, change of direction, physiology, sports training

           Key Points
  • Motor transfers exist from off-ice to on-ice agility.
  • On-ice agility development is more effective than off-ice.
  • Interchange of additional on-ice and off-ice agility training during the ice hockey training is recommended.
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