Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2021) 20, 291 - 299   DOI:

Research article
Resistance Band Exercise Training Prevents the Progression of Metabolic Syndrome in Obese Postmenopausal Women
Won-Mok Son, Jung-Jun Park 
Author Information
Division of Sports Science, Pusan National University, Republic of Korea

Jung-Jun Park
✉ Division of Sport Science, 2, Busandaehak-ro 63beon-gil, Geumjeong-gu, Busan, 46241, Republic of Korea
Publish Date
Received: 29-11-2020
Accepted: 01-03-2021
Published (online): 15-03-2021
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Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is classified as a combination of risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), and postmenopausal women are specifically at an increased risk for MetS, in part due to the hormonal and metabolic changes that occur at the menopause transition. It is crucial to combat the components of MetS with appropriate lifestyle interventions in this population, such as exercise. This study aimed to examine the effects of a resistance band exercise training program in obese postmenopausal women with MetS. A total 35 postmenopausal women were randomly assigned to either a control group (CON, n = 17) or a resistance band exercise training group (EX, n = 18). Participants in the EX group trained 3days/week. Levels of blood glucose, insulin, homeostatic model of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), blood lipid profile, anthropometrics, and blood pressure (BP) were measured at baseline and after the exercise intervention. There were significant group by time interactions (p < 0.05) for blood glucose (Δ-4.5 mg/dl), insulin (Δ -1.3 μU/ml), HOMA-IR (Δ -0.6), triglycerides (Δ -9.4 mg/dl), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(Δ -10.8 mg/dl), systolic BP(Δ -3.4 mmHg), body fat percentage (Δ -3.0 %), and waist circumference (Δ -3.4 cm), which significantly decreased (p < 0.05), and lean body mass (Δ 0.7 kg) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (Δ 5.1 mg/dl), which significantly increased (p < 0.05) after EX compared to no change in CON. The present study indicates that resistance band exercise training may be an effective therapeutic intervention to combat the components of MetS in this population, potentially reducing the risk for the development of CVD.

Key words: Hyperinsulinemia, HOMA-IR, insulin resistance, resistance training, triglycerides

           Key Points
  • There are findings in the study that support the use of resistance band exercise for reducing risks for MetS in this population.
  • There were significant improvements in insulin, glucose, HOMA-IR, and blood lipid profiles following the exercise training program.
  • Body mass, BMI, BF%, SBP, and waist circumference were significantly decreased, while LBM significantly increased after 12 weeks of exercise training program.
  • This is the first study to evaluate the impact of resistance band exercise training on risk factors for MetS in obese postmenopausal women.
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