Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2021) 20, 349 - 356   DOI:

Research article
Vascular Responses to High-Intensity Battling Rope Exercise between the Sexes
Erica M. Marshall1,2, , Jason C. Parks1,3, Tyler J. Singer1,4, Yu Lun Tai1,5, Alexa R. DeBord1,6, Stacie M. Humm1, J. Derek Kingsley1
Author Information
1 Cardiovascular Dynamics Laboratory, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio, USA
2 Florida Southern College, Lakeland, FL, USA
3 State University of New York at Cortland, Cortland, NY, USA
4 Fairmont State University, Fairmont, WV, USA
5 University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, Brownsville, TX, USA
6 Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA

Erica M. Marshall
‚úČ PhD Florida Southern College, School of Nursing and Health Sciences 111 Lake Hollingsworth Drive Lakeland, FL 33801, Edge Hall 214
Publish Date
Received: 26-01-2021
Accepted: 19-03-2021
Published (online): 01-04-2021
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The purpose of the study was to assess high-intensity battling rope exercise (HI-BRE) on hemodynamics, pulse wave reflection and arterial stiffness during recovery and between sexes. Twenty-three young, healthy resistance-trained individuals (men: n = 13; women: n = 10) were assessed for all measures at Rest, as well as 10-, 30-, and 60-minutes following HI-BRE. A one-way repeated measures ANOVA was used to analyze the effects of HI-BRE across time (Rest, 10, 30, and 60-minutes) on all dependent variables. Significant main effects were analyzed using paired t-tests with a Sidak correction factor. Significance was accepted a priori at p 0.05. There were significant reductions in hemodynamic measures of diastolic blood pressure (BP) in women, but not men following HI-BRE at 30 minutes. Further, measures of pulse wave reflection, specifically those of the augmentation index (AIx) and wasted left ventricular energy (ΔEw), were significantly increased in both men and women for 60 minutes, but changes were significantly attenuated in women suggesting less ventricular work. There were also significant increases in arterial stiffness in regard to the aorta and common carotid artery that were fully recovered by 30 and 60 minutes, respectively with no differences between men and women. Thus, the primary findings of this study suggest that measures of hemodynamics and pulse wave reflection are collectively altered for at least 60 minutes following HI-BRE, with women having attenuated responses compared to men.

Key words: Vigorous activity, blood pressure, pulse wave reflection, heart workload, arterial stiffness

           Key Points
  • Battling rope exercise increases wave reflection magnitude and left ventricular work.
  • At similar time points, women demonstrate reduced alterations in these measures, which may be explained by lower diastolic blood pressures.
  • Sex may determine recovery in men and women after battling rope exercise.
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