Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2021) 20, 492 - 499   DOI:

Research article
Assessment of the Maximal Range of Motion from Initial Sensation of Stretching to the Limits of Tolerance
Serge P. von Duvillard1, , Luciana P. Carvalho2, Sara A. Rodrigues2, Christian E. Cabido2, Gustavo H. Peixoto2, Jeffrey W. Bell3, Mauro H. Chagas2, André G. P. de Andrade2
Author Information
1 Department of Sport Science and Kinesiology, University of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria
2 School of Physical Education, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil
3 Science Department, Southwest Minnesota State University, Marshall, Minnesota, USA

Serge P. von Duvillard
✉ Ph.D., FACSM, FECSS Department of Sport Science & Kinesiology, University of Salzburg, Rifer Schlossallee 49, A-5400 Hallein/Rif, AUSTRIA
Publish Date
Received: 16-05-2021
Accepted: 29-05-2021
Published (online): 15-06-2021
Share this article

The aim of this study was to determine whether the first sensation of stretching (ROMFSS) may predict the maximum range of motion (ROMMAX) in male (N = 37) and female (N = 32) volunteer subjects, and to assess the reliability of the ROM perceived by subjects in relation to a pre-determined ROM (ROM50%). Subjects attempted three experimental sessions with 48 hours between sessions 1 and 2 and 28 days between sessions 1 and 3. Within each session, five trials were performed with isokinetic equipment to assess posterior thigh muscle flexibility. The results revealed a strong and significant correlation between ROMMAX and ROMFSS for both sexes, females (r = 0.96, p < 0.001, R2 = 0.92) and males (r = 0.91, p < 0.001; R2 = 0.82). The accuracy of the model verified by the standard error of estimate (SEE) was high in the equations proposed for both female (SEE = 4.53%) and male (SEE = 5.45%). Our results revealed that ROMFSS may predict the ROMMAX for both male and female subjects. The ROMFSS may contribute to the development of evaluation methods that do not subject the individuals to conditions that may include unnecessary risk of injury and is well suited to monitor the training process of stretching exercises with submaximal loads.

Key words: Prediction equation, range of motion, onset of pain, muscle stretch intensity

           Key Points
  • An individual’s tolerance to stretching can be considered a continuum marked by the first sensation of stretching and the maximum range of motion as the continuum’s end-points.
  • The first sensation of stretching and the point representing halfway between the first sensation and maximal range of motion are reliable measures in young men and women.
  • The first sensation of stretching may be a safe and useful predictor of maximal range of motion.
Home Issues About Authors
Contact Current Editorial board Authors instructions
Email alerts In Press Mission For Reviewers
Archive Scope
Supplements Statistics
Most Read Articles
  Most Cited Articles
JSSM | Copyright 2001-2020 | All rights reserved. | LEGAL NOTICES | Publisher

It is forbidden the total or partial reproduction of this web site and the published materials, the treatment of its database, any kind of transition and for any means, either electronic, mechanic or other methods, without the previous written permission of the JSSM.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.