Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2022) 21, 112 - 119   DOI:

Research article
Comparison of the Acute Effects of Foam Rolling with High and Low Vibration Frequencies on Eccentrically Damaged Muscle
Kazuki Kasahara1, Riku Yoshida2, Kaoru Yahata2, Shigeru Sato2,3, Yuta Murakami1, Kodai Aizawa1, Andreas Konrad4, Masatoshi Nakamura1,2, 
Author Information
1 Department of Physical Therapy, Niigata University of Health and Welfare, Niigata, Japan
2 Institute for Human Movement and Medical Sciences, Niigata University of Health and Welfare, Niigata, Japan
3 Department of Rehabilitation, Matsumura General Hospital 1-1 Kotaroumachi, Taira, Iwaki City, Fukushima, Japan
4 Institute of Human Movement Science, Sport and Health, Graz University, Graz, Austria

Masatoshi Nakamura
✉ PhD Institute for Human Movement and Medical Sciences, Niigata University of Health and Welfare, 1398 Shimami-cho, Kita-ku, Niigata City, Niigata, 950-3198, Japan
Publish Date
Received: 18-11-2021
Accepted: 13-01-2022
Published (online): 15-02-2022
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Previous research has shown that vibration foam rolling (VFR) on damaged muscle shows greater improvement in muscle soreness and range of motion (ROM) compared with foam rolling (FR) without vibration. However, the effect of frequency in VFR on muscle soreness and loss of function caused by damaged muscles is unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare the acute effects of 90-s low-frequency (LF)- and high-frequency (HF)-VFR intervention on ROM, muscle soreness, muscle strength, and performance of eccentrically damaged muscle. Study participants were sedentary healthy adult volunteers (n = 28) who performed a bout of eccentric exercise of the knee extensors with the dominant leg and received 90-s LF-VFR or HF-VFR intervention of the quadriceps 48 h after the eccentric exercise. The dependent variables were measured before the eccentric exercise (baseline) and before (pre-intervention) and after VFR intervention (post-intervention) 48 h after the eccentric exercise. The results showed that both LF-VFR and HF-VFR similarly (p < 0.05) improved the knee flexion ROM (11.3 ± 7.2%), muscle soreness at palpation (-37.9 ± 17.2%), and countermovement jump height (12.4 ± 12.9%). It was concluded that it was not necessary to perform VFR with a high frequency to improve muscle soreness and function.

Key words: Muscle strength, range of motion, knee extensor, pain pressure threshold, maximal voluntary muscle contraction

           Key Points
  • We compared the acute effects of low-frequency- and high-frequency-vibration foam rolling intervention on eccentrically damaged muscle.
  • Vibration foam rolling intervention with both low- and high-frequencies could improve range of motion, muscle soreness, and countermovement jump performance.
  • Vibration foam rolling is an effective recovery tool for eccentrically damaged muscles in sports and rehabilitation settings, regardless of the frequency difference.
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