Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2022) 21, 145 - 152   DOI: https://doi.org/10.52082/jssm.2022.145

Research article
An Intense Warm-Up Does Not Potentiate Performance Before or After a Single Bout of Foam Rolling
Andreas Konrad1, , Daniel Bernsteiner1, Marina Maren Reiner1, Masatoshi Nakamura2, Markus Tilp1
Author Information
1 Institute of Human Movement Science, Sport and Health, Graz University, Austria
2 Institute for Human Movement and Medical Sciences, Niigata University of Health and Welfare, Niigata, Japan

Andreas Konrad
āœ‰ Institute of Human Movement Science, Sport and Health University of Graz, Mozartgasse 14, A-8010 Graz, Austria
Email: andreas.konrad@uni-graz.at
Publish Date
Received: 14-01-2022
Accepted: 21-02-2022
Published (online): 01-06-2022
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ABSTRACT

Foam rolling (FR) is a common intervention used as a warm-up to increase the range of motion (ROM) of a joint, without changes in subsequent performance. It has been shown that, in similar techniques (e.g., stretching), an additional intense warm-up can lead to performance potentiation. However, to date, it is not clear if this also holds true for FR, and if this effect is similar in both sexes. Thus, the purpose of this study was to compare the effects of an intense warm-up either before or after FR with the effects of FR without any additional intense warm-up, in both females and males. In total, 27 volunteers (14 male, 13 female) visited the laboratory on three separate days. Each participant was randomly assigned to one of the three interventions. ROM was assessed with a Sit nā€™ Reach box, and countermovement jump (CMJ) height with a force plate, both before and after the interventions. In addition, maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) peak torque and maximum voluntary dynamic contraction (MVDC) peak torque were assessed with a dynamometer. ROM increased to the same extent following the interventions in all groups, with a large magnitude of change (P < 0.001; d = 1.12 to 1.83). In addition, male participants showed significantly higher increases in ROM when the intense warm-up was performed after FR (P < 0.001; d = 1.44), but not without the intense warm-up (P = 0.45; d = 0.57) or when the intense warm-up was performed before FR (P = 0.24; d = 0.69). No significant changes in CMJ height, MVIC peak torque, or MVDC peak torque were observed (P > 0.05). We therefore conclude that the time-efficient athlete might skip further intense warm-up, besides FR, when the goal is to increase ROM and to sustain performance parameters.

Key words: Roller massage, myofascial release, warm-up, performance potentiation


           Key Points
  • An intense warm-up either performed before or after FR did not change performance parameters.
  • The ROM increased to the same extent following the intense warm-up + FR, FR + intense warm-up, and FR only.
  • Baseline values for males showed significantly lower ROM, but higher CMJ height, MVIC peak torque, and MVDC peak torque, compared to females.
  • Males showed significantly higher increases in ROM following the FR + intense warm-up, but not after the intense warm-up + FR or FR only.
 
 
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