Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2022) 21, 287 - 297   DOI:

Research article
Comparison of A Single Vibration Foam Rolling and Static Stretching Exercise on the Muscle Function and Mechanical Properties of the Hamstring Muscles
Marina Maren Reiner1, Markus Tilp1, Gaël Guilhem2, Antonio Morales-Artacho2, Andreas Konrad1, 
Author Information
1 Institute of Human Movement Science, Sport and Health, University of Graz, Graz, Austria
2 Laboratory Sport, Expertise and Performance, French Institute of Sport (INSEP), Paris, France

Andreas Konrad
✉ Institute of Human Movement Science, Sport and Health, University of Graz, Mozartgasse 14, A-8010 Graz, Austria
Publish Date
Received: 13-05-2022
Accepted: 18-05-2022
Published (online): 01-06-2022
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Knee extension and hip flexion range of motion (ROM) and functional performance of the hamstrings are of great importance in many sports. The aim of this study was to investigate if static stretching (SS) or vibration foam rolling (VFR) induce greater changes in ROM, functional performance, and stiffness of the hamstring muscles. Twenty-five male volunteers were tested on two appointments and were randomly assigned either to a 2 min bout of SS or VFR. ROM, counter movement jump (CMJ) height, maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) peak torque, passive resistive torque (PRT), and shear modulus of semitendinosus (ST), semimembranosus (SM), and biceps femoris (BFlh), were assessed before and after the intervention. In both groups ROM increased (SS = 7.7%, P < 0.01; VFR = 8.8%, P < 0.01). The MVIC values decreased after SS (-5.1%, P < 0.01) only. Shear modulus of the ST changed for -6.7% in both groups (VFR: P < 0.01; SS: P < 0.01). Shear modulus decreased in SM after VFR (-6.5%; P = 0.03) and no changes were observed in the BFlh in any group (VFR = -1%; SS = -2.9%). PRT and CMJ values did not change following any interventions. Our findings suggest that VFR might be a favorable warm-up routine if the goal is to acutely increase ROM without compromising functional performance.

Key words: Shear modulus, range of motion, muscle stiffness, self-myofascial release, muscle performance, force production

           Key Points
  • Both interventions (vibration foam rolling and static stretching) lead to the similar increase in hip flexion range of motion.
  • Vibration foam rolling of the hamstrings reduces muscle stiffness of the Semitendinosus (ST) and Semimembranosus (SM) muscles, while static stretching lead to a reduction in muscle shear modulus of the ST only.
  • Maximal voluntary isometric contraction peak torque is reduced after prolonged (2 min) static stretching but not after a similar duration of vibration foam rolling.
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