Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2022) 21, 332 - 340   DOI: https://doi.org/10.52082/jssm.2022.332

Research article
Physiological Responses and Technical-Tactical Performance of Youth Basketball Players: A Brief Comparison between 3x3 and 5x5 Basketball
Bruno Figueira1,2, , Nuno Mateus2,3, Pedro Esteves4,5, Rūta Dadelienė6, Rūtenis Paulauskas1
Author Information
1 Educational Research Institute, Education Academy, Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas, Lithuania
2 Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, CIDESD, CreativeLab Research Community, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Portugal
3 Department of Sports Science, Exercise and Health, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal
4 Polytechnic Institute of Guarda, Portugal
5 Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, CIDESD, Portugal
6 Institute of Health Science, Department of Rehabilitation, Physical and Sports Medicine, Vilnius University, Vilnius, Lithuania

Bruno Figueira
✉ Educational Research Institute, Education Academy, Vytautas Magnus University.
Email: benfigueira@hotmail.com
Publish Date
Received: 27-04-2022
Accepted: 23-05-2022
Published (online): 01-06-2022
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ABSTRACT

This study aims to examine youth players’ physiological responses and technical-tactical performance when playing simulated 3x3 and 5x5 basketball games. Fifteen well-trained male basketball players (16.6 ± 0.2 years old) participated in scrimmage basketball games under two different conditions: 3x3 (half-court) and 5x5 (full-court). The players’ heart rate, muscle oxygen saturation and total hemoglobin data were collected and computed to describe physiological responses, while video analysis was used to characterize their technical-tactical performance. A Bayesian one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to quantify the predictive influence of both game conditions on the physiological and the technical-tactical variables. The results indicated that different game conditions influenced the players’ physiological responses slightly, as only hemoglobin sample entropy increased between the 3x3 and 5x5 game scenarios. Conversely, statistical differences in most of the technical-tactical variables were moderate and decisive in favour of the game condition model. Overall, this study emphasizes that playing 3x3 and 5x5 basketball games lead to relatively negligible differences in the players’ physiological response but pronounced variations in their technical-tactical performance. Therefore, important implications may be drawn to the applied field as the specificity of technical-tactical adaptations when playing 3x3 or 5x5 formats should be considered by basketball coaches to better design the training sessions for players that fall within our sample age category.

Key words: Youth basketball competitions, performance analysis, technical-tactical skills, physiological response


           Key Points
  • In 3x3 games the number of touches, dribble drives and long-distance shots were larger than in the 5x5 game format;
  • In physiological standpoint, sample entropy increased between the 3x3 and 5x5 game scenarios;
  • Important implications may be drawn to the applied field as the specificity of technical-tactical adaptations when playing 3x3 or 5x5 formats should be accounted by basketball coaches to better design their training sessions.
 
 
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