Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2022) 21, 74 - 81   DOI:

Research article
Moderate and Severe Injuries at Five International Olympic-Style Wrestling Tournaments during 2016-2019
Szabolcs Molnár1,2,3, , Zsolt Hunya4, Krisztián Gáspár5, Imre Szerb6,7, Noé Szabó8, Károly Mensch9, Éva Körösi10, Katalin Bacskai11, Ákos Kálmán Sántha2,12, Eszter Anna Janka5, Babak Shadgan3,13
Author Information
1 Department of Traumatology, Medical Centre Hungarian Defense Forces, Budapest, Hungary
10 Dietitian and WADA coordinator of the Hungarian Wrestling Federation, Budapest, Hungary
11 National Institute for Sports Medicine, Budapest, Hungary
12 Professional Medical Services and Assistance Ltd., Budapest, Hungary
13 Department of Orthopaedics, The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
2 University of Physical Education, Budapest, Hungary
3 Medical, Prevention & Anti-Doping Commission of The United World Wrestling, Corsier-sur-Vevey, Switzerland
4 Department of Orthopedics, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
5 Department of Dermatology, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
6 Department of Traumatology, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
7 Department of Orthopaedics of Uzsoki Hospital, Budapest, Hungary
8 Semmelweis University Medicine and Health Sciences, Budapest, Hungary
9 Department of Oral Diagnostics, Semmelweis University, Faculty of Dentistry, Budapest, Hungary

Szabolcs Molnár
✉ Department of Traumatology, Medical Centre Hungarian Defense Forces, Budapest Róbert Károly krt. 44, Hungary-1134
Publish Date
Received: 09-11-2021
Accepted: 13-12-2021
Published (online): 15-02-2022
Share this article

As a contact sport, wrestling may result in injuries. Based on the severity, they are classified as mild, moderate, severe and critical. All injuries occurring at international competitions are documented in a cloud-based surveillance system. The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence and characteristics of moderate and severe (including critical) wrestling injuries that occurred during five international Olympic-style wrestling competitions in 2016-2019. Three Wrestling World Championships and two European Wrestling tournaments were organized by the Hungarian Wrestling Federation in 2016-2019. A total of 2483 wrestlers in three Olympic wrestling styles have competed in 3007 matches. Data from all injuries were recorded and analyzed to define rates, locations, types and severity, and to compare with previous reports. A total of 53 wrestlers sustained 55 injuries, which is equivalent to an overall injury incidence rate of 9.1‰ (9.1/1000 athletic exposures). Greco-Roman and Women Wrestling had the same injury incidence rate, while Freestyle had a lower one (9.5‰ versus 8.5‰). The injury proportion by regions and anatomic locations were on head and face 29.1%, spine and trunk 16.4 % and the upper-and-lower extremity injuries equally 27.3%. The most common types of injuries included ligament lesions, joint injuries, skin lacerations, and contusions. Five wrestlers (0.8‰) sustained strangulation or concussion. Wrestling injury rates during United World Wrestling competitions are not high, but when happen they can be serious. Despite relatively low incidence rate of injuries, there is a need for continuous education for medical teams, referees and coaches to avoid wrestling injuries.

Key words: Wrestling, injuries, head-and-trunk, extremities, strangulation, incidenc

           Key Points
  • We consider the UWW official classification of the injury severity to be the most straightforward with mild, moderate, severe and critical groups.
  • The competition data are likely to be the most accurate because they are directly observed and recorded by medical team.
  • One result of this study is that a practical guideline for strangulation was prepared as a preventable serious injury.
Home Issues About Authors
Contact Current Editorial board Authors instructions
Email alerts In Press Mission For Reviewers
Archive Scope
Supplements Statistics
Most Read Articles
  Most Cited Articles
JSSM | Copyright 2001-2022 | All rights reserved. | LEGAL NOTICES | Publisher

It is forbidden the total or partial reproduction of this web site and the published materials, the treatment of its database, any kind of transition and for any means, either electronic, mechanic or other methods, without the previous written permission of the JSSM.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.