Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2023) 22, 532 - 540   DOI: https://doi.org/10.52082/jssm.2023.532

Research article
Acute Physiological and Perceptual Responses to Whole-Body High-Intensity Interval Training Compared with Equipment-Based Interval and Continuous Training
Eric Tsz-Chun Poon1,2, Ka Wing Chan3, Waris Wongpipit2,4,5, Fenghua Sun1, Stephen Heung-Sang Wong2, 
Author Information
1 Department of Health and Physical Education, The Education University of Hong Kong, Taipo, Hong Kong
2 Department of Sports Science and Physical Education, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong
3 Elite Training Science and Technology Division, Hong Kong Sports Institute, Hong Kong
4 Faculty of Education, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
5 Thailand Physical Activity Knowledge Development Centre, Institute for Population and Social Research, Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand

Stephen Heung-Sang Wong
✉ Department of Sports Science and Physical Education, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong
Email: hsswong@cuhk.edu.hk
Publish Date
Received: 22-06-2023
Accepted: 17-08-2023
Published (online): 01-09-2023
 
 
ABSTRACT

Low-volume, time-efficient high-intensity interval training (HIIT), which involves whole-body (WB) callisthenics exercises, has gained worldwide popularity in recent years. However, the physiological and perceptual impact of WB-HIIT in comparison to specialised, equipment-based training is relatively less studied. This study compared the acute physiological and perceptual responses to a single session of WB-HIIT, ergometer-based HIIT (ERG-HIIT) and conventional moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT). Fourteen physically inactive adults (age: 28.4 ± 6.5 years, VO2peak: 31.0 ± 6.2 mL· kg-1· min-1) underwent three main trials (WB-HIIT: 12 x 30-s high-intensity callisthenics workout; ERG: HIIT: 12 x 30-s high-intensity cycling bouts; MICT: 30-min cycling at 50% peak power output) in a randomized cross-over order 3-7 days apart. The mean session heart rate (HR) and perceived exertion were comparable across all three protocols (p > 0.05). WB-HIIT attained a similar peak HR (87.4 ± 9.4 %HRmax) as that of ERG-HIIT (83.0 ± 8.6 %HRmax), and significantly greater than that of MICT (78.7 ± 5.5 %HRmax, p = 0.001). However, WB-HIIT induced significantly higher blood lactate levels (7.2 ± 1.8 mmol/L) compared to both ERG-HIIT (5.1 ± 1.3 mmol/L, p < 0.05) and MICT (3.1 ± 1.5 mmol/L, p < 0.001). The participants reported higher self-efficacy and greater enjoyment with WB-HIIT compared to MICT (p < 0.05). The mean HR and perceived exertion responses to WB-HIIT are comparable to those of equipment-based HIIT and MICT; however, WB-HIIT results in greater metabolic strain than both other modalities. Despite this, the overall perceptual responses to WB-HIIT are positive, suggesting that it could be a viable exercise alternative, especially for individuals with limited exercise time and restricted access to facilities and equipment.

Key words: HIIT, bodyweight training, callisthenics, fitness, public health


           Key Points
  • The mean heart rate and perceived exertion to a single session of whole-body high-intensity interval training (WB-HIIT) are comparable to those of conventional ergometer-based high-intensity interval training and moderate-intensity continuous training.
  • However, WB-HIIT results in greater metabolic strain than both other modalities.
  • The overall perceptual responses to WB-HIIT are positive, suggesting that it could be a viable exercise alternative, especially for individuals with limited exercise time and restricted access to facilities and equipment.
 
 
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