Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Views
3252
Download
1905
 
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2023) 22, 58 - 67   DOI: https://doi.org/10.52082/jssm.2023.58

Research article
Identifying the Optimal Arm Priming Exercise Intensity to Improve Maximal Leg Sprint Cycling Performance
Tatsuya Matsumoto, Yosuke Tomita , Koichi Irisawa
Author Information
Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Care, Takasaki University of Health and Welfare, Gunma, Japan

Yosuke Tomita
✉ (PhD, RPT) Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Health Care, Takasaki University of Health and Welfare, Gunma, Japan
Email: tomita-y@takasaki-u.ac.jp
Publish Date
Received: 24-10-2022
Accepted: 13-01-2023
Published (online): 01-03-2023
 
 
ABSTRACT

Priming exercises improve subsequent motor performance; however, their effectiveness may depend on the workload and involved body areas. The present study aimed to estimate the effects of leg and arm priming exercises performed at different intensities on maximal sprint cycling performance. Fourteen competitive male speed-skaters visited a lab eight times, where they underwent a body composition measurement, two V̇O2max measurements (leg and arm ergometers), and five sprint cycling sessions after different priming exercise conditions. The five priming exercise conditions included 10-minute rest (Control); 10-minute arm ergometer exercise at 20% V̇O2max (Arm 20%); 10-minute arm ergometer exercise at 70% V̇O2max (Arm 70%); 1-min maximal arm ergometer exercise at 140% V̇O2max (Arm 140%); and 10-min leg ergometer exercise at 70% V̇O2max (Leg 70%). Power outputs of 60-s maximal sprint cycling, blood lactate concentration, heart rate, muscle and skin surface temperature, and rating of perceived exertion were compared between the priming conditions at different measurement points. Our results showed that the Leg 70% was the optimal priming exercise among our experimental conditions. Priming exercise with the Arm 70% also tended to improve subsequent motor performance, while Arm 20% and Arm 140% did not. Mild elevation in blood lactate concentration by arm priming exercise may improve the performance of high-intensity exercise.

Key words: Exercise, arm, heart rate, lactic acid


           Key Points
  • Maximal sprint cycling performance was comparable between the Arm 70% condition and the Leg 70% condition
  • A mild elevation in BLC by arm priming exercise may improve the performance of high-intensity exercise
  • Low (i.e., Arm 20%) and high (i.e., Arm 140%) workloads did not provide any performance benefits
 
 
Home Issues About Authors
Contact Current Editorial board Authors instructions
Email alerts In Press Mission For Reviewers
Archive Scope
Supplements Statistics
Most Read Articles
  Most Cited Articles
 
  
 
JSSM | Copyright 2001-2024 | All rights reserved. | LEGAL NOTICES | Publisher

It is forbidden the total or partial reproduction of this web site and the published materials, the treatment of its database, any kind of transition and for any means, either electronic, mechanic or other methods, without the previous written permission of the JSSM.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.