Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2024) 23, 114 - 125   DOI: https://doi.org/10.52082/jssm.2024.114

Research article
Effect of High-Intensity Interval Exercise versus Continuous Low-Intensity Aerobic Exercise with Blood Flow Restriction on Psychophysiological Responses: A Randomized Crossover Study
Victor S. de Queiros1, , Nicholas Rolnick2, Angelo Sabag3, Phelipe Wilde1, Thiago Peçanha4, Rodrigo Ramalho Aniceto5, Roberto Felipe Câmara Rocha6, Douglas Z. Delgado7, Breno Guilherme de Araújo Tinôco Cabral7, Paulo Moreira Silva Dantas1,7
Author Information
1 Graduate Program in Health Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal-RN, Brazil
2 The Human Performance Mechanic, CUNY Lehman College, New York, USA
3 Discipline of Exercise and Sport Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia
4 Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Manchester Metropolitan University Institute of Sport, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK
5 Study and Research Group in Biomechanics and Psychophysiology of Exercise, Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Rio Grande do Norte, Currais Novos-RN, Brazil
6 Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal-RN, Brazil
7 Graduate Program in Physical Education, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal-RN, Brazil

Victor S. de Queiros
✉ Graduate Program in Health Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal-RN, Brazil
Email: victor.sabino.121@ufrn.edu.br
Publish Date
Received: 06-12-2023
Accepted: 09-01-2024
Published (online): 01-03-2024
 
 
ABSTRACT

This study compared the effect of continuous low-intensity aerobic exercise with blood flow restriction (LI-AE-BFR) versus high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE), matching total external mechanical work between conditions, on perceptual (exertion, pain, affective and pleasure) and physiological responses (heart rate [HR], blood lactate [BL] and muscle fatigue). Ten healthy untrained men (25.6 ± 3.78 years old; 75.02 ± 12.02 kg; 172.2 ± 6.76 cm; 24.95 ± 3.16 kg/m²) completed three visits to the laboratory. In visit 1, anthropometry, blood pressure and peak running velocity on the treadmill were measured. In visits 2 and 3, participants were randomly assigned to HIIE or LI-AE-BFR, both in treadmill. HIIE consisted of 10 one-minute stimuli at 80% of peak running velocity interspersed with one-minute of passive recovery. LI-AE-BFR consisted of 20-minutes of continuous walking at 40% of peak running velocity with bilateral cuffs inflated to 50% of arterial occlusion pressure. BL and maximum isometric voluntary contraction (MIVC - fatigue measure) were measured pre- and immediately post-exercise. HR, rating of perceived exertion (RPE), and rating of perceived pain (RPP) were recorded after each stimulus in HIIE and every two minutes in LI-AE-BFR. Affective response to the session, pleasure, and future intention to exercise (FIE) were assessed 10 minutes after the intervention ended. Increases in BL concentrations were greater in HIIE (p = 0.028; r = 0.51). No effects time or condition were reported for MIVC. HR was higher in HIIE at all analyzed time points (p < 0.001; d = 3.1 to 5.2). RPE did not differ between conditions (p > 0.05), while average session RPP was higher in LI-AE-BFR (p = 0.036; r = 0.46). Affective positive response (p = 0.019; d = 0.9) and FIE (p = 0.013; d = 0.97) were significantly higher in HIIE. Therefore, HIIE elicited higher physiological stress, positive affective response, and intention to engage in future exercise bouts compared to LI-AE-BFR.

Key words: Blood Flow Restriction Therapy, Physical Exertion, Affect, Endurance Training


           Key Points
  • Continuous low-intensity aerobic exercise with blood flow restriction elicited reduced affective responses when compared to high-intensity interval exercise;
  • Future engagement intention was greater in high-intensity interval exercise than in continuous low-intensity aerobic exercise with blood flow restriction;
  • Continuous low-intensity aerobic exercise with blood flow restriction elicited less pronounced physiological stress than high-intensity interval exercise.
 
 
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