Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2024) 23, 177 - 195   DOI: https://doi.org/10.52082/jssm.2024.177

Review article
Effects of Plyometric Training on Physical Fitness Attributes in Handball Players: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Xiaolin Wang1,*, Kaiqi Zhang2,*, Shamsulariffin bin Samsudin1, , Muhammad Zarif bin Hassan3, Sam Shor Nahar bin Yaakob4, Delong Dong2, 
Author Information
1 Department of Sport Studies, Faculty of Educational Studies, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2 Department of Physical Education, Ludong University, Yantai, Shandong, China
3 Department of Language and Humanities Education, Faculty of Educational Studies, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
4 Department of Recreation & Ecotourism, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
* These authors have contributed equally to this work and share first authorship.

Shamsulariffin bin Samsudin
Department of Sport Studies, Faculty of Educational Studies, University Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Email: shamariffin@upm.edu.my

Delong Dong
Department of Physical Education, Ludong University, Yantai, Shandong, China
Email: dongdelong@ldu.edu.cn
Publish Date
Received: 12-12-2023
Accepted: 09-02-2024
Published (online): 01-03-2024
 
 
ABSTRACT

This meta-analysis aimed to examine the effects of plyometric training on physical fitness attributes in handball players. A systematic literature search across PubMed, SCOPUS, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science identified 20 studies with 563 players. Plyometric training showed significant medium-to-large effects on various attributes: countermovement jump with arms (ES = 1.84), countermovement jump (ES = 1.33), squat jump (ES = 1.17), and horizontal jump (ES = 0.83), ≤ 10-m linear sprint time (ES = -1.12), > 10-m linear sprint time (ES = -1.46), repeated sprint ability with change-of-direction time (ES = -1.53), agility (ES = -1.60), maximal strength (ES = 0.52), and force–velocity (muscle power) (ES = 1.13). No significant impact on balance was found. Subgroup analysis indicated more pronounced agility improvements in players ≤ 66.6 kg compared to > 66.6 kg (ES = -1.93 vs. -0.23, p = 0.014). Additionally, greater improvements were observed in linear sprint and repeat sprint ability when comparing training durations of > 8 weeks with those ≤ 8 weeks (ES = -2.30 to -2.89 vs. ES = -0.92 to -0.97). In conclusion, plyometric training effectively improves various physical fitness attributes, including jump performance, linear sprint ability, maximal strength, muscle power and agility.

Key words: Plyometric training, jumping training, physical fitness, performance, handball


           Key Points
  • Plyometric training effectively improves physical fitness.
  • Programs lasting over 8 weeks are more effective.
  • Normal-weight athletes gain more agility than overweight counterparts
 
 
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