Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2024) 23, 410 - 417   DOI: https://doi.org/10.52082/jssm.2024.410

Research article
Jumping Interval Training: An Effective Training Method for Enhancing Anaerobic, Aerobic, and Jumping Performances in Aerobic Gymnastics
Dong Ma1, Rui Miguel Silva2, Qi Xu1, Ke Wang4, Zijian Zhao1,5, 
Author Information
1 Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdańsk, Poland
2 Escola Superior Desporto e Lazer, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, Rua Escola Industrial e Comercial de Nun’Álvares, Viana do Castelo, Portugal
3 Sport Physical Activity and Health Research & Innovation Center, Viana do Castelo, Portugal
4 School of sport education, Tianjin University of sport, Tianjin
5 School of Physical Education, Zhengzhou University, Henan, China

Zijian Zhao
✉ School of Physical Education, Zhengzhou University, Henan 450001, China
Email: zjzhao@zzu.edu.cn
Publish Date
Received: 12-03-2024
Accepted: 02-05-2024
Published (online): 01-06-2024
 
 
ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to compare the effects of jumping interval training (JIT) and running high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on the aerobic, anaerobic and jumping performances of youth female aerobic gymnasts. A randomized controlled study was conducted over an 8-week period, involving 73 youth female athletes (16.2 ± 1.3 years old) of aerobic gymnastics. The study comprised two experimental groups (JIT and HIIT) and a control group. Participants in the experimental groups engaged in two additional training sessions per week alongside their regular training regimen, while the control group followed their usual training routine. Before and after the intervention period, gymnasts were assessed for their performance in the countermovement jump test (CMJ), the specific aerobic gymnastics anaerobic test (SAGAT) and the 20-m multistage fitness test. Significant interactions time × group were found in SAGAT (p < 0.001; = 0.495), CMJ (p < 0.001; = 0.338) and 20-m multistage fitness test (p < 0.001; = 0.500). The time × group analysis post-intervention revealed significantly lower scores in SAGAT for the control group compared to the JIT (p = 0.003) and HIIT (p = 0.034). Additionally, significantly higher scores were observed for the JIT group in the CMJ test compared to the HIIT (p = 0.020) and control (p = 0.028) groups following the intervention. Finally, the 20 m multistage fitness test post-intervention revealed significantly lower scores for the control group compared to JIT (p < 0.001) and HIIT (p < 0.001). Both JIT and HIIT are recommended training strategies to adopt in aerobic gymnastics for significantly improving the aerobic and anaerobic performances of athletes. However, JIT may be particularly relevant to use as it offers additional benefits in improving vertical jumping performances.

Key words: Gymnastics, high-intensity interval training, aerobic fitness, anaerobic fitness, countermovement jump


           Key Points
  • Jumping Interval Training (JIT) proves significantly more effective than high-intensity interval running (HIIT) in enhancing the jumping performance of female gymnasts.
  • Introducing both JIT and HIIT sessions, each lasting 4 to 5 minutes, twice a week over 8 weeks, significantly enhances specific anaerobic performance in aerobic gymnastics athletes, along with improving aerobic capacity.
 
 
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