Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2024) 23, 73 - 78   DOI: https://doi.org/10.52082/jssm.2024.73

Research article
The Acute Effect of Percussive Massage Intervention with and without Heat Application on Plantar Flexor Muscles’ Passive and Active Properties
Masatoshi Nakamura1, , Hironori Uchida1, Yuta Murakami2, Kazuki Kasahara2, Takaki Imai3, Andreas Konrad4 
Author Information
1 Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Nishi Kyushu University, Saga, Japan
2 Institute for Human Movement and Medical Sciences, Niigata University of Health and Welfare, Niigata, Japan
3 Department of Rehabilitation, Kyushu University of Nursing and Welfare, Kumamoto, Japan
4 Institute of Human Movement Science, Sport and Health, University of Graz, Graz, Austria

Andreas Konrad
Institute of Human Movement Science, Sport and Health, University of Graz, Graz, Austria
Email: andreas.konrad@uni-graz.at

Masatoshi Nakamura
Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, Nishi Kyushu University, 4490-9 Ozaki, Kanzaki, Saga, 842-8585, Japan.
Email: nakamuramas@nisikyu-u.ac.jp
Publish Date
Received: 15-12-2023
Accepted: 25-12-2023
Published (online): 01-03-2024
 
 
ABSTRACT

Recently, percussive massage (PM) intervention using a handheld percussive massage device, namely a massage gun, has been used as an easy way to perform vibration functions. Additionally, a product has been developed that allows PM intervention and heat application to be performed simultaneously. Thus, this study aimed to compare the acute effects of PM intervention with and without heat application on dorsiflexion (DF) range of motion (ROM), passive stiffness, and muscle strength in the gastrocnemius muscle. Fifteen healthy young men (20.9 ± 0.2 years) participated in this study. We measured the DF ROM, passive torque at DF ROM (an indicator of stretch tolerance), passive stiffness, and maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) torque of the plantar flexor muscles before and immediately after 120 seconds PM intervention with and without heat application. The results showed that PM intervention with and without heat application significantly increased DF ROM and passive torque at DF ROM and decreased passive stiffness, not MVIC torque. These results suggest that PM intervention increased ROM and decreased passive stiffness regardless of the presence or absence of the heat application.

Key words: Range of motion, passive torque, stiffness, stretch tolerance, maximum voluntary isometric contraction


           Key Points
  • We investigated the acute effect of percussive massage (PM) intervention with and without heat application on dorsiflexion range of motion (DF ROM), passive stiffness, and muscle strength in the gastrocnemius muscle.
  • We measured the DF ROM, passive torque at DF ROM (an indicator of stretch tolerance), passive stiffness, and maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) torque of the gastrocnemius before and immediately after 120 seconds PM intervention with and without heat application.
  • These results suggest that PM intervention increased ROM and decreased passive stiffness regardless of the presence or absence of the heat application.
 
 
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