Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Views
10103
Download
1422
 
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2024) 23, 8 - 16   DOI: https://doi.org/10.52082/jssm.2024.8

Research article
Gender-Specific Effects of Short Sprint Interval Training on Aerobic and Anaerobic Capacities in Basketball Players: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Kaiqin Fang, Han Jiang 
Author Information
Institute of Physical Education, Wuhan Sports University, Hubei, China

Han Jiang
✉ Institute of Physical Education, Wuhan Sports University, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, China
Email: 2004063@whsu.edu.cn
Publish Date
Received: 14-11-2023
Accepted: 01-12-2023
Published (online): 01-03-2024
 
 
ABSTRACT

This study compared the effects of a 6-week short sprint interval training (sSIT) on male and female basketball players' bio-motor abilities, aerobic fitness, and anaerobic power. Using a randomized controlled trial design, 40 basketball players of similar training backgrounds were randomly assigned to two training groups of females (n = 10) and males (n = 10) or two control groups of females and males (each of 10). The training groups performed 3 sets of 10 × 5-second all-out interval running, with a 1:3 work-to-recovery ratio, and a 3-minute rest between sets. The players were evaluated for bio-motor abilities, including muscular power assessed through the vertical jump, agility measured using a T-test and Illinois change of direction (COD) test, and maximal sprint speed measured by a 20-meter sprint test. Also, aerobic fitness was assessed by evaluating maximum oxygen consumption (V̇O2max) through the Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test level 1 (Yo-Yo IR 1) test before and after the 6-week training period. After the intervention, both training groups (females and males) demonstrated significant improvements in vertical jump (effect size [ES] = 1.29, 1.06, respectively), peak power output (ES = 1.27, 1.39), T-test (ES = -0.56, -0.58), Illinois COD test (ES = -0.88, -1.1), 20-m sprint (ES = -1.09, -0.55), Yo-Yo IR1 performance (ES = 2.18, 2.20), and V̇O2max (ES = 2.28, 1.75). Gender did not exhibit any significant impact on the extent of changes observed over time. The results of this study suggest that adaptations in aerobic fitness and bio-motor abilities measured in this experiment in response to sSIT are similar across genders, and gender differences should not be a major concern when implementing sSIT in basketball players.

Key words: Short sprint, intermittent exercise, team sport, aerobic power, athletic performance


           Key Points
  • The current study suggests that adaptations to sSIT do not differ between sexes, and gender differences should not be a major concern when implementing sSIT in basketball players when both groups are trained athletes.
  • Incorporating sSIT into the usual basketball training during the off-season induces adaptive responses that improve essential basketball-specific bio-motor abilities in both male and female athletes.
  • sSIT sufficiently stimulate adaptive mechanisms improving the male and female athletes’ aerobic fitness under the conditions of this study.
  • The integration of sSIT into extended, basketball-specific training regimes empowers basketball players and coaches to optimize the efficacy and effectiveness of their training programs. This strategy yields favorable physiological enhancements and improvements in overall performance.
 
 
Home Issues About Authors
Contact Current Editorial board Authors instructions
Email alerts In Press Mission For Reviewers
Archive Scope
Supplements Statistics
Most Read Articles
  Most Cited Articles
 
  
 
JSSM | Copyright 2001-2024 | All rights reserved. | LEGAL NOTICES | Publisher

It is forbidden the total or partial reproduction of this web site and the published materials, the treatment of its database, any kind of transition and for any means, either electronic, mechanic or other methods, without the previous written permission of the JSSM.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.