Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2024) 23, 8 - 16   DOI:

Research article
Gender-Specific Effects of Short Sprint Interval Training on Aerobic and Anaerobic Capacities in Basketball Players: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Kaiqin Fang, Han Jiang 
Author Information
Institute of Physical Education, Wuhan Sports University, Hubei, China

Han Jiang
✉ Institute of Physical Education, Wuhan Sports University, Wuhan 430079, Hubei, China
Publish Date
Received: 14-11-2023
Accepted: 01-12-2023
Published (online): 01-03-2024

This study compared the effects of a 6-week short sprint interval training (sSIT) on male and female basketball players' bio-motor abilities, aerobic fitness, and anaerobic power. Using a randomized controlled trial design, 40 basketball players of similar training backgrounds were randomly assigned to two training groups of females (n = 10) and males (n = 10) or two control groups of females and males (each of 10). The training groups performed 3 sets of 10 × 5-second all-out interval running, with a 1:3 work-to-recovery ratio, and a 3-minute rest between sets. The players were evaluated for bio-motor abilities, including muscular power assessed through the vertical jump, agility measured using a T-test and Illinois change of direction (COD) test, and maximal sprint speed measured by a 20-meter sprint test. Also, aerobic fitness was assessed by evaluating maximum oxygen consumption (V̇O2max) through the Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test level 1 (Yo-Yo IR 1) test before and after the 6-week training period. After the intervention, both training groups (females and males) demonstrated significant improvements in vertical jump (effect size [ES] = 1.29, 1.06, respectively), peak power output (ES = 1.27, 1.39), T-test (ES = -0.56, -0.58), Illinois COD test (ES = -0.88, -1.1), 20-m sprint (ES = -1.09, -0.55), Yo-Yo IR1 performance (ES = 2.18, 2.20), and V̇O2max (ES = 2.28, 1.75). Gender did not exhibit any significant impact on the extent of changes observed over time. The results of this study suggest that adaptations in aerobic fitness and bio-motor abilities measured in this experiment in response to sSIT are similar across genders, and gender differences should not be a major concern when implementing sSIT in basketball players.

Key words: Short sprint, intermittent exercise, team sport, aerobic power, athletic performance

           Key Points
  • The current study suggests that adaptations to sSIT do not differ between sexes, and gender differences should not be a major concern when implementing sSIT in basketball players when both groups are trained athletes.
  • Incorporating sSIT into the usual basketball training during the off-season induces adaptive responses that improve essential basketball-specific bio-motor abilities in both male and female athletes.
  • sSIT sufficiently stimulate adaptive mechanisms improving the male and female athletes’ aerobic fitness under the conditions of this study.
  • The integration of sSIT into extended, basketball-specific training regimes empowers basketball players and coaches to optimize the efficacy and effectiveness of their training programs. This strategy yields favorable physiological enhancements and improvements in overall performance.
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